More than half of an adult’s human body is basically water. This water has a wide array of functions and literally keeps our bodies in balance. The water’s functions range from lubricating joints, keeping the body temperature steady, acting as a medium of moving nutrients, removing wastes from the body, eliminating the effects of dehydration among other functions. For the normal functioning of the body, it is important to have a certain water threshold since a reduction below this threshold (even during physical exercise) may have catastrophic effects.
So why exactly do we need to drink water during exercises?
The importance of water in the body can best be understood through the effects of lack of enough water. In fact, staying hydrated during exercises prevents a number of ill-effects such as dehydration and heat-related illnesses such as heat exhaustion, heat stroke, and heat cramps. Without proper hydration, these effects may overwhelm an individual without notice and in extreme cases, they may result to loss of consciousness or death.
Exercising leads to hyper-loss of water through sweating and hard breathing. Well, some people may argue that they rarely sweat and, therefore, they do not lose a lot of water. However, water can be lost through the air that we breathe out. Over time, a lot of water is lost and if not recovered soon enough, an individual may suffer from dehydration and the heat-related illnesses. Let’s have an in-depth look at each of these effects:
It is easy to notice that during exercises, one normally gets thirstier as compared to when engaging in normal day-to-day activities. This sense of thirst on many occasions serves as an indicator that the water in the body has been used up and it needs to be replaced. If this water is not replaced promptly effects of dehydration may set in and adversely affect the exercise performance.
In extreme circumstances, lack of water may lead to a decrease in blood volume and this may consequently affect the blood supply to the brain and other vital organs. In addition, it becomes increasingly hard for oxygen and nutrients to be transported to the muscles
As one exercises, muscles use up a lot of energy, this necessitates fast production of more energy consequently leading to the production of heat. Generally, the body works like most machines whereby, the more it works, the more it heats up. Since the human body is supposed to have an average temperature of about 37 degrees Celsius, a considerable increase beyond this range may be hazardous a condition referred to as Hyperthermia. Therefore, heat stroke, heat exhaustion, and heat cramps are some of the different forms of Hyperthermia.
These illnesses can also be recognized as the different stages of Hyperthermia. Originally, heat cramps may set in, after which an individual suffers from heat exhaustion before finally getting a heat stroke.
Heat cramps may manifest themselves in the form of involuntary spasms of the muscles. Heat exhaustion, on the other hand, manifests as a condition characterized by heavy sweating and rapid pulse due to overheating. These symptoms may be mild in some individuals and may be easily ignored.
The final stage of Hyperthermia which is heat stroke is considered as a medical emergency and if nor properly or promptly treated, its consequences may be fatal.
It may take a lot of time and funds in order to recuperate from the effects of not taking adequate amount of water during exercise. However, this can be prevented by having a Hydrate Factory water bottle at all times and replenishing the lost water during exercise. So get your own water bottle today!